Are hoverboards finally a reality with self-balancing scooters?

Outtop Two WheelsEver since Marty McFly got his hands on a hoverboard in ‘Back to the Future’ people have been desperately waiting for this futuristic dream to become a reality. Earlier this year a product stormed the market which claimed to have finally realised this dream. The self-balancing scooter is a hybrid of the Segway and a traditional skateboard that is battery powered and works by responding the user’s instructions by recognising their balance. The product itself does look extremely similar to the hoverboard seen in the cult movie. However, there is one key difference, the real life ‘hoverboard’ has wheels! Surely that alone shows that it’s not actually a hoverboard at all because it uses wheels to roll across the floor, but many users would disagree.

Are self-balancing scooters hoverboards?

Pretty much as soon as the self-balancing scooters came on to the market people were renaming them as hoverboards as this trend has not stated within the realms of the general public as many celebrity users have also picked up on the name. One of the main reasons that they are considered to be hoverboards is obviously to do with how the products look, as they look almost identical to the hoverboard seen in ‘Back to the Future’ only with wheels added. Another reason is to do with the feel of the scooters. Although the scooter itself is technically touching the floor, the rider isn’t. By standing on the top of the scooter the rider will get the feeling of hovering above the ground as they are moving along. So even though, the scooter is technically rolling, the idea that it hovers is demonstrated by how it feels to ride it.

However, it is important to look at the technical aspects of the scooter as well as the way it feels to ride. The pure facts of the matter are that because the scooter works using wheels that roll across the floor it doesn’t actually hover at all and therefore shouldn’t be considered a hoverboard. Even the best self balancing scooters don’t quite live up to it but if you are wanting to purchase one then you should read some reviews first.

Will hoverboards ever be a reality?

As much as self-balancing scooters may give the illusion of a hoverboard experience, they are still technically not hoverboards. So will there ever be an opportunity to fully float above the ground? Apparently there might be. A technology company is rumoured to have created a real life hoverboard which will be available to purchase in the next couple of years. The innovative design uses magnetic technology which means that it can only be used on top of a pre-prepared metal surface. The cost of doing this as well as the cost of the hoverboard itself which is thought to be an eye watering $10,000 dollars will definitely set you back a few bob. However, if you’ve got the cash it might be worth it to get the real ‘Back to the Future Experience’. However, for now we can content ourselves with the knowledge that we have something that is almost as good as the real thing. The induction of the self-balancing scooter was a surprise for most general consumers, as that sort of technology was thought to be pretty far off. There is no denying that it is hugely exciting and fun, and the fact that it has been given to the masses in the same year as Mr McFly himself had his first hoverboard experience is a pretty monumental event. Even if they have wheels, only sit a few inches across the ground and rarely go faster than 6mph, they have well and truly brought us into the future, and surely the developments will only continue.



Why stargazers turn to coffee during long sessions

coffee-star-gazing

Coffee has a long list of benefits, but mostly coffee is known to us for it’s an excellent energy boosting capacity.

Practically, we all consume coffee mostly we like it and when we need to get that extra energy to keep us going especially during the sleepless night. Many people have fancy coffee makers in their homes but it’s good to read reviews first to find the best machine.

The reason behind that is nothing rocket science rather than very simple. Coffee contains a specialized substance known as caffeine which is said to the most popular psychoactive substance consumption wise.

Now, although we all are used to consume coffee perhaps more so in our workplace/office rather than in our home, but stargrazers are known to have a special affinity for coffee as well as caffeine.

But, before we jump into any conclusion, let us know a bit about the stargazers. Stargazers, a popular and more common name to what we officially call observational astronomers.

They are the professionals who observes the sky to be put in a simple way.

There are a lot of complexities, meetings and long sessions involved in the day to day work of the stargazers and the long sessions as it is aptly named continues for long, really long.

So let us look some of the reasons why stargazers turn to coffee during long sessions.

  1. Caffeine as we all know is a great energy booster and an excellent psych activator which helps the stargazers keep going in their long sessions and help them to cope with their sleeplessness and provides them with that extra kick in the form of that extra energy.
  2. Caffeine (which is the key ingredient of coffee) is said to block the inhibitory neurotransmitters from travelling and affecting our brains which eventually lead to having feel more energized, improved mood, and ability to cope with and get going without being able to sleep for a while.
  1. Another benefit for which stargazers use coffee extensively is that it readily gets absorbed into one’s bloodstream right after the consumption which helps to prevent any sort of hangover kind of things, side effects and all that, which is very much essential for stargazers as they need to observes stars with real concentration and diligence.
  1. It also acts as an excellent stimulating agent.

Besides, coffee or caffeine also has its fair share of benefits which are not typically exclusively beneficial only for the stargazers but for all of as a whole.

  1. Regular consumption of coffee in a regulated manners helps one to keep various diseases at bay like – diabetes, cholesterol related problems, it also considerably lowers the risks of heart diseases.
  1. It also eliminates to a large extent the risks of stroke and heart attack besides lowering the risk of other heart related diseases as mentioned earlier.
  1. Studies have shown that high intake of coffee reduces risk of cancer especially liver cancer.
  1. Caffeine intake are said to protect us to some extent from Alzheimer’s disease and Parkinson’s disease.
  1. But, apart from all these benefits, all of us specially the stargazers must keep in mind not to overdo the intake of caffeine as coffee consumption more than the permitted limit can cause nausea, heartburn or make these existing conditions much more worse.

Frequent necessity of urinating can be another side effect of high caffeine intake, which is one thing for sure the stargazers don’t want to get into. So, it is advisable that coffee gives you many reasons to turn to coffee, but always be careful to not overdo it.

 

 



Interesting Facts about The Milky Way

The Milky Way is our home galaxy. It began to form twelve billion years ago. The Milky Way galaxy is a part of fifty galaxies that is referred as the local group. Moreover, the local galaxy group itself comes under a large group of galaxies. The larger group is referred as Virgo Supercluster. The Milky Way galaxy is a barred spiral galaxy with one spur and four arms in its diskette and recently a new outer arm was discovered. The mass of the Milky Way galaxy is four hundred to eight hundred billion solar masses. It contains at least four hundred billion stars. It comes under a local group.

It is estimated that Milky Way galaxy will smash together with Andromeda galaxy. The astronomers have estimated five billion years for the chances of collision. Some astronomers mention as a binary system. The dust, gas, and stars of Milky Way galaxy orbit in the centre. They orbit at a speed rate of two hundred kilometres per second.

The Black Hole
There is a super massive black hole in the centre core of the Milky Way galaxy. The black hole is referred as Sagittarius A. It is said that Sagittarius A has the mass of 2.6 million stars. The Milky Way galaxy grows by merging and joining with other galaxies in the universe through the time. It is gulping up substance from Magellanic Clouds. Sagittarius Dwarf Spheroidal is a small galaxy and Milky Way galaxy is currently getting stars from that galaxy. The Sagittarius Dwarf Spheroidal is actually small in size.

Read Also Our Planetary System: The Sun




Insights Into Different Kinds of Galaxies

There are three types of galaxies. It is developed by Edwin P. Hubble. The classification scheme is improved by famous astronomer Gerard de Vaucouleurs. They have divided into three types based on their size, extent of bars, an openness of spirals and size of the galactic bulges.

Spiral galaxies: It is the most common kind in the universe. Andromeda galaxy is located nearby our Milky Way galaxy. Milky Way galaxy comes under spiral type. The spiral consists of large rotating diskettes of nebulae and stars. Moreover, the spiral is completely covered by a shield of dark matter. The galactic bulge is the central bright area. It is located in the centre of the galaxy. Most spirals have an aura of star clusters and stars arranged below and above the disk. The barred spirals are those that have bright and large bars of stars. It will have a material that divides their central sections. The astronomers study about the majority of galaxies with these bars. They study to understand their functions and role they play in the galaxy.

Elliptical galaxies: It is egg shaped that is ovoid or ellipsoidal. It is mostly found in smaller compact groups and galaxy clusters. Mostly, elliptical consists of low mass and older stars. Do you know why? It is because the elliptical does not have dust clouds and star making gas. At present, there is a small star formation is seen in them. Ellipticals have about one hundred million to one hundred trillion stars. It occurs in different sizes and different numbers. One of the best examples to explain Elliptical galaxy is Messier 87.

Irregular Galaxies: As the name implies, the galaxy is irregular in shape. Small Magellanic Cloud is the best example for an irregular galaxy. It can be viewed from Earth. It does not have an appropriate structure to shape itself as elliptical or spiral.

Read Also Facts About the Asteroid Belt




Our Planetary System: The Sun

The centre part of the solar system is occupied by Sol or Sun. It is completely responsible for the weather and climate of the Earth. It is actually a perfect sphere and has a difference of about ten kilometres in diameter among the equator and the poles. The standard radius of our Sun is 695,508 km, out of which twenty to twenty five percent is the core. The age of the Sun is 4.6 billion years. It comes under yellow dwarf type. The mass of the Sun is 333,060 times the Earth. The surface temperate of the Sun is 5500 degree Celsius.

It is said that one million Earth has chance to accommodate the Sun. If the hollow Sun could accommodate spherical Earths, then it could hold around 960,000 Earths inside. The surface area of the Sun is 11,990 times compared to the Earth. There are chances for the Sun to consume the Earth. If all the hydrogen is burnt, the Sun will burn helium for another one hundred and thirty million years. During that point, it will start to expand and engulf the Earth, the Venus, and the Mercury. In that stage, the Sun will become a red fat giant.

At one point, the Sun has chances to get back to the size of our Earth. When it crosses the red giant stage, the Sun will tend to collapse, and retains its enormous mass. It will contain the equal or appropriate volume of our Earth. When this situation occurs, the Sun will be referred as a white dwarf. It contains 99.86% of mass present in the whole solar system. It contains three quarters of Hydrogen, and the remaining is Helium. It takes about eight minutes for the Sun light to reach our Earth considering the distance between the Earth and the Sun.

Read Also Interesting information about Ceres – A Dwarf Planet



Facts About the Asteroid Belt

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A majority of asteroids is easily found beyond the Mars. The Asteroid belt is formed when they join. Hygiea, Pallas, Vesta, and Ceres are the four largest asteroids. Due to gravitational interactions, some asteroids orbit to nearby Earth space and some migrate or move away from the solar system. The four large asteroids contain more than half the mass. The remaining mass is constituted by myriad smaller bodies. Once a theory was stated regarding the asteroid belt. As per the same, if asteroids are combined, then it can make up a missing planet ‘fifth rocky planet’.

Do you know the location of the asteroid belt? It is located in the space between the Jupiter and Mars. The place is said to be located at the distance of 2.2 and 3.2 AU (astronomical units) from the Sun. The asteroid belt is about one astronomical unit thick. In an average, the distance between objects is quite large. When you stand on the asteroid belt and see the other one, you will find the other one at a far distance place. The objects of the asteroid belt are made up of stone and rock. Some of the objects are solid objects, and most of them consist of orbiting rubble piles.

There are billions of asteroids in the asteroid belt. Some of the asteroids remain large in size. But there are also asteroids in a small pebble like sizes. It is said that there should be at least known 7000 asteroids. The discoverers suggest names to the asteroids, and they also give a number to the found asteroids. There are chances for the asteroids to move away from the belt due to the gravitational influences. The asteroid belt can also be referred as the main belt. It remains unique from other groups like Centaurs and Lagrangians. There are several objects in the asteroid belt, and they are spread over a large area of space.



Interesting Facts about the Meteorite

Each day, countless tons of space substance is showered on the Earth. The majority of the objects get vaporized in the atmosphere, and some larger pieces fall on the ground. Do you know where the objects actually come from? Well, such objects come from the asteroids. The objects could be different kinds of rocks. These would have existed since the dawn of solar system.

The Meteoroid is those small metallic chunks or rocky materials that come through space. It will be in size of the dust. The small meteoroids are also known as space dust or micrometeoroids. Such fragments could also due to the collisions between the solar system bodies like Mars or the Moon or could be remaining comet debris. In our Earth’s history, several meteorites both small and large in size have reached our Earth surface. Some of the famous meteorites are Hoba, the Fukang, the Williamette Meteorite and the Allende.

The Fukang Meteorite comes under the stony iron meteorite type. It is the best example of pallasite. It has large gem similar to olivine crystals, and the peace of such meteorite is very popular among collectors. It has a good demand among people who collect such meteorites.

The Hoba Meteorite is seen in Africa. It is found in Namibia. The size of the Hoba Meteorite is very large. It will be about sixty tonne rock size. It is impossible to move. The Hoba Meteorite is preserved as a National Memorial in Namibia. The experts say that fell around 80,000 years ago.




Interesting information about Ceres – A Dwarf Planet

Ceres was first considered as an asteroid. It was named and discovered by an Italian Astronomer – Giuseppe Piazzi in early 1801. The astronomers have planned to visit Ceres in 2015. NASA’s Dawn Spacecraft is planning and making its way to Ceres since September 2012. There is lots of expectation regarding this planet since Ceres remains as a possible target for human colonization. It has an abundance of minerals, water and ice. If the mission visits the planet, then Ceres will remain as the initial dwarf planet entered by the spacecraft. Ceres is the least massive and smallest planet among the dwarf planets. It has a mysterious white spot. You can see the spots in the recent photos and also in some of the old Hubble photographs.

The pictures were taken by the Dawn spacecraft during their approach. It is said that Ceres loses about six kilograms of mass in the steam. The Herschel Space telescope has observed impressive amounts of water vapour shooting from the Ceres surface. It is said that it was the first time to see water vapour, especially in the asteroid belt. The scientists think that it should be caused due to the warming of icy surfaces in the Ceres. They have discovered fourteen similar objects by the year 1851. They did not take a lengthy time to discover, and thus, it came to be referred as minor planets. After Pluto, Ceres also came under the dwarf planet category in the year 2006. Ceres was often referred as a planet especially in the first fifty years of its discovery.




Other Dwarf Planets in the Solar System

In the solar system, there are dwarf planets like Pluto, Haumea, Eris, Ceres, and Makemake. The Ceres is the only dwarf planet to be situated in the asteroid belt. The remaining dwarf planets are located in the outer solar system. It is estimated that in the year 2015, the New Horizons mission and Dawn mission will reach Pluto and Ceres respectively.

The Dwarf planet has the same characteristics like the other planets, but it has one significant difference. The planet is not a satellite. The Pluto or Eris could be the largest dwarf planet. Haumea and Makemake follow Pluto and Eris. One of the smallest dwarf planets is the Eris. You can see the dwarf planets in the order like Ceres, Pluto, Makemake, and Haumea as closest to the sun. The Eris will be farther from the sun.

Interesting information about Pluto

It was discovered in 1930. It is said to be the second planet near the sun. It was called as ninety planets in the solar system. Eris is the massive planet and Pluto is the second massive dwarf planet. There are five known moons in this planet. Clyde W. Tombaugh discovered Pluto. It has the surface temperature of -229 degree Celsius. It was discovered on February 1, 1930. It has got the name Pluto because of the Greek god. It has five known moons, and they are Styx, Kerberos, Hydra, Nix, and Charon. It is nearly round in shape. The planet Pluto has unoccupied the region around its orbit.

Interesting information about Haumea

It is in the third position among other dwarf planets to the sun. It has a unique elongated shape. It has two known moons. The surface temperate of the Haumea planet is -241 degree Celsius. It was discovered on December 28, 2004. The elongation of the planet could be due to its rotation.




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